VITAMIN K1 (PHYLLOQUINONE) CONTENT OF COMMON FOODS

INDEX

A.
Fruits F. K.
B.
Milk & Cheese G.

Vegetables

L. Desserts
C.
Eggs H. M.
D.
Legumes & Nuts I. N.
E.
Meat, Poultry & Fish J.  

 

A. FRUITS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Apple, green peel N/A 60*
Apple, red peel N/A 20*
Apple, red raw 1 medium 1.8
Applesauce, bottled 1/2 cup 0.6
Apricot, raw 3 medium 3.3
Avocado, raw 1 small 14
Banana, raw 1 medium 0.2
Blueberries, canned 1/2 cup 6*
Cantaloupe, raw 2/3 cup 0.4
Cherries, sweet, raw 15 cherries 1.5
Cranberry sauce 1/3 cup 1*
Fruit cocktail, canned in heavy syrup 1/2 cup 2.6
Grapefruit, raw 1/2 medium <0.01
Grapes, red/green, seedless, raw 1 cup 8.3
Kiwi fruit 1 1/4 medium 25*
Lemon, fresh 2 medium 0.2*
Orange, raw 3/4 medium <0.01
Peach, raw 1 medium 2.1
Pear, canned in light syrup 1/2 cup 0.2
Pear, raw 3/4 pear 4.9
Pineapple, canned in juice 1/3 cup, pieces 0.3
Pineapple, fresh 1/2 cup, pieces 0.1*
Plums, raw 1 1/2 medium 8.2
Prunes, dried 12 prunes 1.4
Pumpkin, canned 1/2 cup 16*
Raisins, dried 2/3 cup 1.7
Strawberries, raw 2/3 cup 1.5
Watermelon, raw 2/3 cup 0.2

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B. MILK & CHEESE

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Cheese, American processed 3.5 oz 1.6
Cheese, cheddar 3.5 oz 2.1
Cheese, cottage, 4% milk fat 3.5 round Tbsp. 0.4
Cheese, cream 7 Tbsp. 2.9
Cheese, Swiss 3.5 oz 2.8
Cream, sour 8 Tbsp. 1*
Milk, chocolate, fluid 3 fl oz 0.2
Milk, evaporated, canned 3 fl oz 1.6
Milk, low fat (2%) chocolate 3 fl oz 0.4*
Milk, low fat (2% fat), fluid 3 fl oz 0.2
Milk, skim, fluid 3 fl oz 0.01
Milk, whole (dry) 3/4 cup 2*
Milk, whole, fluid 3 fl oz 0.3
Yogurt, fruit-flavored, low fat (fruit mixed in) 3.5 fl oz 3.0
Yogurt, plain, low fat 3.5 fl oz 0.1

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C. EGGS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Eggs, boiled 2 (large) 0.3
Eggs, fried 2 (large) 6.9
Eggs, scrambled 2 (large) 12

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D. NUTS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Nuts, mixed, no peanuts, dry roasted 3.5 oz 13
Peanut butter, smooth 6 Tbsp. 0.3
Peanut, dry, roasted 3.5 oz 0.3
Peanut, raw 3.5 oz 0.2*
Pecan, dry 3.5 oz 10*
Pistachio nut 3.5 oz 70*

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E. MEAT, POULTRY, AND FISH

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Albalone 3.5 oz 23*
Beef, chuck roast, baked 3.5 oz 0.7
Beef, ground, pan-cooked 3.5 oz 2.4
Beef, steak, loin, pan-cooked 3.5 oz 1.8
Bologna, sliced 4 slices 0.3
Bream, butterfly 3.5 oz 0.2*
Chicken breast, roasted 3.5 oz <0.01
Chicken nuggets, fast food 5 nuggets 1.5
Chicken, fried (breast, leg, and thigh), fast food 1 piece 1.3
Chicken, fried (breast, leg, and thigh), homemade 1 piece 4.5
Clam 5 large 0.2*
Eel 3.5 oz 0.02*
Fish sticks, frozen, heated (1 stick = 4" x 2" x 1/2") 3.5 sticks 6.8
Frankfurters, beef, boiled 2 franks 1.8
Haddock, pan-cooked 3.5 oz 5.2
Ham luncheon meat, sliced 5 slices <0.01
Ham, baked 3.5 oz <0.01
Lamb chop, pan-cooked 3.5 oz 4.6
Liver, beef, fried 3.5 oz 2.7
Mackerel 3.5 oz 5*
Octopus 3.5 oz 0.07*
Oyster 7 medium 0.1*
Pork bacon, pan-cooked 16 med slices 0.1
Pork chop, pan-cooked 3.5 oz 3.1
Pork roast, baked 3.5 oz <0.01
Pork sausage, pan-cooked

7 1/2 links

3 1/2 patties

3.4
Prawn 3.5 oz 0.03*
Salami, sliced 4 slices 1.3
Salmon, pink 3.5 oz 0.4*
Sardine 3.5 oz 0.09*
Saury, Pacific 3.5 oz 0.02*
Shrimp, boiled N/A <0.01
Squid 3.5 oz 0.02*
Tuna, bluefin 3.5 oz 0.03*
Tuna, canned in oil, drained 3.5 oz 24
Turkey breast, roasted 3.5 oz <0.01
Veal cutlet, pan-cooked 3.5 oz 6.6
Yellowtail, young 3.5 oz 0.08*

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F. GRAIN PRODUCTS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Bagel, plain 2 bagels 0.4
Biscuit, from refrigerated dough, baked 3 1/2 biscuits 4.6
Bread, corn, homemade 1 piece 7.4
Bread, cracked wheat 4 slices 3.5
Bread, rye 4 slices 3.0
Bread, white 4 slices 1.9
Bread, white roll 3 1/2 rolls 2.1
Bread, whole wheat 4 slices 3.4
Cereal, bran, raisin 3.5 oz 1.6
Cereal, Fruit-flavored, sweetened 3.5 oz 0.2
Cereal, granola 3.5 oz 1.8
Cereal, oat ring 3.5 oz 0.8
Cereal, shredded wheat 3.5 oz 1.5
Cereal, wheat, farina, quick (1-3 min), cooked 1/2 cup 0.06
Cereal, crisped rice 3 1/2 cups <0.01
Corn grits, regular, cooked 1/2 cup <0.01
Cornflakes 3.5 oz 0.03
Crackers, graham 14 crackers 8.9
Crackers, saltine 33 crackers 3.6
Crackers, butter-type 28 crackers 13.1
Egg noodles, boiled 3/4 cup 0.09
Flour, Barley N/A 1*
Flour, Buckwheat 3/4 cup 7*
Flour, Rice 2/3 cup 0.04*
Flour, Wheat 3/4 cup 0.6*
Macaroni, boiled 3/4 cup 0.05
Muffin, blueberry, commercial 2 1/2 muffins 25
Muffin, English, plain, toasted 2 muffins 0.3
Oatmeal, quick (1-3 min), cooked 1/2 cup 0.4
Pancakes from mix three 4" pancakes 6.5
Rice cake 20 rice cakes 0.6*
Rice, white cooked 1/2 cup <0.01
Sesame seed, dry 11 Tbsp. 8*
Spaghetti, dry 3.5 oz 0.2*
Tortilla, flour 3 tortillas 3.1

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G. VEGETABLES

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Algae, Green laver 3.5 oz 4*
Algae, Purple laver 3.5 oz 1385*
Algae, Konbu N/A 66*
Algae, Hijiki N/A 327*
Amaranth, raw leaf N/A 1140*
Artichoke, globe 1/3 medium 14*
Asatsuki, leaf N/A 190*
Ashitaba, leaf N/A 590*
Asparagus, fresh/frozen, boiled 7 spears 80
Basella, raw leaf N/A 160*
Beans, green, fresh/frozen, boiled 3/4 cup 16
Beans, kidney, dry, boiled 1/2 cup 8.4
Beans, lima, immature, frozen, boiled 1/2 cup 5.1
Beans, pinto, dry, boiled 1/2 cup 3.7
Beets, fresh/frozen, boiled 1/2 cup 1.2
Bell tree dahlia, raw leaf N/A 630*
Bell tree dahlia, cooked leaf N/A 1110*
Broccoli, fresh/frozen, boiled 1/2 cup 113
Brussels sprouts, fresh/frozen, boiled 5 sprouts 289
Cabbage, fresh, boiled 2/3 cup 98
Carrot, fresh, boiled 2/3 cup 15
Cauliflower, fresh/frozen, boiled 1/2 cup, pieces 20
Celery, raw 2.5 stalks 32
Chard, Swiss, raw leaf N/A 830*
Chingentsuai, raw green N/A 120*
Chive, raw 33 Tbsp., chopped 190*
Chrysanthemum, garland 1 cup, pieces boiled 350*
Coleslaw with dressing, homemade 3/4 cup 100
Collards, fresh/frozen, boiled 1/2 cup 440
Coriander, raw leaf 6 1/4 cups 310*
Coriander, cooked leaf N/A 1510*
Corn, cream style, canned 1/3 cup 0.03
Corn, fresh/frozen, boiled 2/3 cup 0.3
Cucumber, raw 1 cup, slices 2.2
Eggplant, fresh, boiled 1 cup, pieces 2.9
Endive, raw 2 cups, chopped 231*
French fries, fast food 20 pieces 4.4
French fries, frozen, heated 3.5 oz 7.1
Fungi, Shitake, raw 5 mushrooms 0*
Fungi, Shimeji N/A 0*
Fungi, Nameko N/A 0*
Kaiwaredaikon, raw leaf N/A 80*
Kale, raw leaf N/A 817*
Komatsuna, raw leaf N/A 280*
Leek, raw 1 cup, chopped 14*
Lettuce, raw, heading & bib N/A 122*
Lettuce, red leaf N/A 210*
Lettuce, Iceberg, raw 5 leaves 31
Malabar gourd, raw leaf N/A 22*
Mushrooms, raw 1 1/3 cups, pieces 0.06
Okra, fresh/frozen, boiled 1/2 cup, slices 40
Onion, green scallion, raw 2/3 cup, chopped 207*
Onion, mature, raw 2/3 cup, chopped 0.3
Osh, raw leaf N/A 310*
Parsley, raw leaf 1 1/2 cups 540*
Parsley, cooked leaf chopped 900*
Parsnip N/A 1*
Peas, green, fresh/frozen, boiled 1/2 cup 24
Peas, mature, dry, boiled 2/3 cup 5
Pepper, green, raw 1 cup, chopped 2.5
Perilla, raw, leaf N/A 650*
Potato, raw 1 potato 0.8*
Potato, white, baked with skin 1/2 potato 1.1
Potato, white, boiled without skin 2/3 potato 0.3
Potatoes, mashed, from flakes 1/2 cup 5.1
Potatoes, scalloped, homemade 1/2 cup 3.3
Purslane, raw N/A 381*
Radish, raw 1 cup, slices 0.4
Roctish, raw leaf N/A 290*
Roctish, cooked leaf N/A 420*
Samat, raw leaf N/A 350*
Samat, cooked leaf N/A 960*
Sauerkraut, canned 1/2 cup 13
Spinach, fresh/frozen, boiled 1/2 cup 360
Squash, summer, fresh/frozen, boiled 1/2 cup, slices 4.4
Squash, summer, peel only N/A 80*
Squash, winter, fresh/frozen, baked, mashed 1/2 cup 1.1
Sweet potato, canned 1 cup 4*
Sweet potato, fresh, baked 1 potato 2.4
Tofu 1/2 cup 2*
Tomato sauce, plain, bottled 1/2 cup 2.9
Tomato, red, raw 1 tomato 3
Tomato, stewed, canned 1/2 cup 2.4
Toumyao (Chinese) N/A 380*
Turnip, fresh/frozen, boiled 3.5 oz 0.07
Tziton, raw leaf N/A 250 *
Vegetables, mixed, frozen, boiled 1/2 cup 19
Watercress, raw 3 cups 250*

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H. SNACKS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Chips, corn 3.5 oz 7.3
Chips, potato 3.5 oz 15
Popcorn, popped in oil 9 cups 20
Pretzel, hard, salted, any shape 3.5 oz 2.9

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I. CONDIMENTS & SWEETENERS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Catsup, tomato 7 Tbsp. 3.6
Honey 5 Tbsp. <0.01
Jelly, any flavor 5 Tbsp. 12
Mustard, yellow 7 Tbsp. 2.2
Olives, black 23 large 1.4
Pickles, dill cucumber 1.5 large (3 3/4" long, 1 1/4" diameter) 13
Pickles, sweet cucumber 3 large (3" long, 3/4" diameter) 23
Sugar, white, granulated 1/2 cup <0.01
Syrup, chocolate dessert topping 5 Tbsp. 0.2
Syrup, pancake 5 Tbsp. <0.01

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J. MIXED DISHES & MEALS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Beef chow mein, from Chinese carryout 1/3 cup 31
Beef stew with potatoes, carrots and onion, homemade 1/3 cup 4.8
Beef stroganoff, homemade 3.5 oz 1.7
Cheeseburger, quarter-pound on bun, fast food 1/2 sandwich 4.1
Chicken pot pie, frozen, heated 3.5 oz 2.7
Chili con carne with beans, homemade 3.5 oz 4.7
Chowder, clam, New England, canned, condensed 1/3 cup 0.3
English muffin, egg, cheese, and ham, fast food 1 muffin 3.7
Fish sandwich on bun, fast food 2/3 sandwich 17
Frankfurter on bun, fast food 1 frankfurter 4.4
Hamburger, quarter-pound on bun, fast food 2/3 sandwich 3.8
Lasagna with meat, homemade 3.5 oz 5.3
Macaroni and cheese, from box mix 1/3 cup 5.3
Meatloaf, homemade 3.5 oz 12
Peppers, green, stuffed with beef and rice, homemade 1/2 stuffed pepper 7.4
Pizza, cheese and pepperoni, regular crust, from carryout 1/8 of 12" pizza 3.8
Pizza, cheese, regular crust, from pizza carryout 1/4 of 12" pizza 4.2
Pork and beans, canned 1/3 cup 1.1
Soup, bean with bacon/pork, canned, condensed 3.5 oz 0.9
Soup, chicken noodle, canned condensed 3.5 oz 0.1
Soup, mushroom, canned, condensed 3.5 oz 2.0
Soup, tomato, canned, condensed 3.5 oz 1.5
Soup, vegetable beef, canned, condensed 3.5 oz 0.6
Spaghetti with tomato sauce and meatballs, homemade 1/3 cup 5.7
Spaghetti with tomato sauce, canned 1/3 cup 0.7
Steak, Salisbury with gravy, frozen meal 3.5 oz 2.3
Taco/tostada, from Mexican carryout 1/2 taco/tostada 16
Tuna noodle casserole, homemade 3.5 oz 20
Turkey with gravy, frozen meal 3.5 oz 5.3

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K. FATS & DRESSINGS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Butter, regular (salted) 7 Tbsp. 7.0
Cream substitute, frozen 3.5 fl oz 5.7
Cream, sour 8 Tbsp. 1
Gravy, brown, homemade 3.5 oz 0.3
Half and half 7 Tbsp. 1.3
Margarine, stick, regular 7 Tbsp. 33
Mayonnaise, regular, bottled 7 Tbsp. 41
Oils, Almond 7 Tbsp. 7*
Oils, Canola (Rapeseed) 7 Tbsp. 141*
Oils, Corn 7 Tbsp. 3*
Oils, Olive/Safflower 7 Tbsp. 28
Oils, Peanut 7 Tbsp. 0.7*
Oils, Salad 7 Tbsp. 148*
Oils, Sesame 7 Tbsp. 10*
Oils, Soybean 7 Tbsp. 193*
Oils, Sunflower 7 Tbsp. 9*
Oils, Walnut 7 Tbsp. 15*
Salad dressing, French, regular 7 Tbsp. 51
Salad dressing, Italian, low calorie 7 Tbsp. 2.9
Sauce, white, homemade 3.5 oz 6.9

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L. DESSERTS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Brownies, commercial 5 brownies (3 X 1 X 7/8") 14
Cake doughnuts with icing, any flavor 3 doughnuts 9.8
Cake, chocolate, with chocolate icing, commercial 2 pieces 13
Cake, snack, chocolate, with chocolate icing 3.5 oz 5.7
Cake, yellow with white icing 1 piece 8.5
Candy bar, milk chocolate, plain 3.5 oz 0.4
Candy, caramel 13 pieces 1.7
Cookies, chocolate chip, commercial 8 cookies 10
Cookies, sandwich with creme filling, commercial 10 cookies 8.7
Cookies, sugar, commercial 6 cookies 11
Danish, sweet roll, commercial 2 rolls 11
Gelatin dessert, any flavor 1/3 cup 0.02
Ice cream, vanilla 3/4 cup 0.3
Milkshake, chocolate, fast food 3.5 fl oz 0.2
Pie, apple, fresh/frozen, commercial 1/8 pie 11
Pie, pumpkin, fresh/frozen, commercial 1/8 pie 10
Popsicle, any flavor 3.5 fl oz bar <0.01
Pudding, chocolate, from instant mix 1/3 cup 0.4
Sherbet, fruit flavor 1/2 cup 0.3
Suckers, any flavor 17 lollipops <0.01

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M. BEVERAGES

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Beer 3.5 fl oz <0.01
Coffee, decaffeinated, from instant 3.5 fl oz 0.02
Coffee, from ground beans 3.5 fl oz <0.01
Cola, carbonated beverage 3.5 fl oz 0.02
Cola, low-calorie, carbonated beverage 3.5 fl oz <0.01
Fruit drink, canned 3.0 fl oz 0.02
Fruit drink, from powder 3.5 fl oz <0.01
Ginger ale, regular 3.5 fl oz 0.01*
Ginger ale, diet 3.5 fl oz <0.005*
Juice, apple, bottled 3 fl oz <0.01
Juice, cranberry 3 fl oz 0.005*
Juice, grape, from frozen concentrate 3 fl oz 0.4
Juice, grapefruit, from frozen concentrate 3 fl oz 0.05
Juice, Orange, from frozen concentrate 3 fl oz <0.01
Juice, pineapple, from frozen concentrate 3 fl oz 0.3
Juice, prune, bottled 3 fl oz 3.4
Juice, tomato, bottled 3.5 fl oz 2.3
Lemonade, from frozen concentrate 3.5 fl oz 0.06
Martini 3.5 fl oz <0.01
Sake 3.5 fl oz <0.005*
Soy milk 3.5 fl oz 3*
Tea, Tea bag 3.5 fl oz 0.08
Tea, Black, brewed 3.5 fl oz 0.05*
Tea, Black, leaves (dry) N/A 262*
Tea, Decaffeinated, brewed 3.5 fl oz 0.03*
Tea, Green, leaves (dry) N/A 1428*
Tea, Green, leaves, brewed 3.5 fl oz 0.03#
Water, tap 3.5 fl oz <0.01
Whiskey 3.5 fl oz <0.01
Wine, dry, table 3.5 fl oz <0.01

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N. INFANT AND JUNIOR FOODS

Food Name
Estimated Portion Size equivalent to 100 grams+
Mean Vitamin K1 Content (g/100 gm)++
Applesauce, strained/junior 3.5 oz 1.3
Banana with tapioca, strained/junior 3.5 oz 0.1
Beans, green, strained/junior 3.5 oz 26
Beef, strained/junior 3.5 oz 1.7
Beets, strained/junior 3.5 oz 0.1
Biscuits, teething 9 biscuits 4.5
Carrots, strained/junior 3.5 oz 5.8
Chicken and noodle dinner, strained/junior 3.5 oz 0.9
Chicken, strained/junior 3.5 oz <0.01
Corn, creamed, strained/junior 3.5 oz 0.05
Egg yolk, strained/junior 3.5 oz 0.4
Fruit dessert/pudding, strained junior 3.5 oz 0.5
Juice, apple, strained 3 fl oz 0.01
Juice, orange, strained 3 fl oz <0.01
Macaroni, tomatoes, and beef, strained/junior 3.5 oz 1.7
Milk-based infant formula, high iron, ready-to-feed 3.5 fl oz 12
Milk-based infant formula, low iron, ready-to-feed 3.5 fl oz 13
Peaches, strained/junior 3.5 oz 4.9
Pears, strained/junior 3.5 oz 4.3
Peas, split, with vegetables and ham/bacon, strained/junior 3.5 oz 3.0
Peas, strained/junior 3.5 oz 17
Pudding, custard, strained/junior 3.5 oz <0.01
Rice cereal, strained/junior 3.5 oz 0.3
Rice infant cereal, instant, prepared with whole milk 3.5 oz 0.3
Soy-based infant formula, ready-to-feed 3.5 fl oz 16
Spinach, creamed, strained/junior 3.5 oz 292
Sweet potatoes, strained/junior 3.5 oz 1.0
Turkey and rice, strained/junior 3.5 oz 4.2
Vegetables and beef, strained/junior 3.5 oz 4.1
Vegetables and chicken, strained/junior 3.5 oz 3.5
Vegetables and ham, strained/junior 3.5 oz 1.6
Vegetables, mixed, strained/junior 3.5 oz 7.4

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+
Calculated based on estimated portions to equal 100 gm from Pennington JA, Church HN: Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 16th Edition, J.P. Lippincott Company, 1994.
 
++
Booth SL, Sadowski JA, Pennington JAT. Phylloquinone (Vitamin K1) content of foods in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study. J Agric Food Chem 1995,43:1574-79.
 
*
Booth SL, Sadowski JA, Weihrauch JL, Ferland G. Vitamin K1 (Phylloquinone) content of foods: A provisional table. J Food Comp Anal 1993;6:109-20.
 
#
Booth SL, Madabushi HT, Davidson KW, et al. Tea and coffee brews are not dietary sources of vitamin K1 (phylloquinone). J Am Diet Assoc 1995;95:82-3
 
N/A Not available

 

References:

Booth SL, Madabushi HT, Davidson KW, et al. Tea and coffee brews are not dietary sources of vitamin K1 (phylloquinone). J Am Diet Assoc 1995;95:82-3

Booth SL, Sadowski JA, Pennington JAT. Phylloquinone (Vitamin K1) content of foods in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study. J Agric Food Chem 1995,43:1574-79.

Booth SL, Sadowski JA, Weihrauch JL, Ferland G. Vitamin K1 (Phylloquinone) content of foods: A provisional table. J Food Comp Anal 1993;6:109-20

Pennington JA, Church HN: Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 16th Edition, J.P. Lippincott Company, 1994.

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